The acute outbreaks of gastroenteritis, in which noroviruses were identified, were first observed in 1968 among primary school students in Norwalk, Ohio, USA.
It is responsible for 80% of the outbreaks in all age groups and causes complaints such as norovirus, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Noroviruses are very difficult to remove from the environment because they are resistant to high temperatures, hot and cold, and most disinfectants. norovirus cannot remain in water for a long time, it requires viable tissue to survive. The disease is transmitted to the healthy person by mouth after contact with the viruses, which are spread by feces or vomit by infected persons or transmitted to surfaces. Once spread, it spreads easily from person to person.
Symptoms usually develop within 12 to 48 hours after exposure to norovirus, and most people recover within 1 to 3 days. Norovirus patients often feel extremely ill and may vomit or diarrhea many times a day. This can be much more effective, especially in young children, elderly adults, and other diseases.
It is faster to settle in indoor environments. Water or breath can enter the body through the air. Gastric and intestinal inflammation can be very comfortable in living and polluted waters. The possibility of transmission from hospitals is high. Similarly, it can be transmitted very easily in schools and crowded environments.
If you want to stay away from norovirus and not be affected, you should pay particular attention to hygiene. You should wash your hands frequently. You should also disinfect the vegetables carefully. You should avoid contact with people who experience these reactions. You should clean the items, food and clothing that they come into contact with very well. You should avoid drinking dirty water. You should not stand indoors for too long.
How is it treated?
There is no specific treatment and vaccine. Most patients recover within 2 or 3 days. The general treatment is for patients who have not lost excess fluid to take the fluid they have lost orally, and those who have lost or vomited excess fluid are given intravenously. A person may develop this infection more than once. Because there are different serological types of the virus, in those infected with one of them, antibodies against that type do not provide protective effects against other types. For this reason, a vaccine against the virus could not be developed.
Neurovirus infection cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is a viral infection, not a bacterial one.
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